Ziyarat In Najaf
Prophet Adam A.S.
The first Prophet of Allah, was Prophet Adam A.S. who was created from clay by the spirit of Allah (SWT).
As soon as he was created, all the angels were ordered to prostrate to him. All obeyed except Shaitaan. Shaitaan was then ordered to leave Heaven, which he did. However, requested Allah to allow him to live as long as human beings live on the earth. His wish was granted.One day Shaitaan came and fooled Prophet Adam A.S. and Bibi Hawwa A.S. to eat a fig from a tree. They ate the fig, which Allah (SWT) had ordered them not to touch. go near that tree.
Immediately they realised their mistake and asked Allah (SWT) to forgive them. They were forgiven but were asked to leave Jannat and live on the earth.
Hazrat Adam is buried next to Prophet Nooh A.S. and Imam Ali A.S. is buried next to Prophet Nooh A.S.
Prophet Nooh A.S.
The people were giving Prophet Nooh A.S. a very hard time and were not prepared to accept that they should believe in one God. So, Allah (SWT) asked him to build an ark (ship) on which only the believing people could board with various kind of animal. The disbeliivers including one of his sons refused to board the Ark stayed behind on the mountain. The mountain crushed and all the bad people who took refuge on it were drowned.
Allama Hilli A.R.
He derived the name ‘Hilli’ from the village in the out -
Muqaddas Ardebilli A.R.
It is narrated that he once went to get water to perform wudhoo from a well. Instead of the water a he treasure came out. He put them back saying that he wanted water for wudhoo not treasures.
He is buried in Najaf and his real name is Mullah Ahmed bin Mohamed. He too is just buried in the ‘Sahan’ of Imam Ali A.S. Raudhah.
This is the place where Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S. used to spend hours in prayers. He like this place because if faces the Raudhah of Imam Ali A.S. Zuwar visit this place and recite munajats.
Prophet Hood A.S.
The people of his time were very rich and due to their wealth they were very strong and worshipped idols.
Prophet Hood A.S. repeatedly warned them to give up worshipping the idols and to turn towards one God but they did not listen. Allah (SWT) punished them and they were all killed except Prophet Hood A.S. and a few believers. His tomb is at Wadius Salaam, in Najaf.
Prophet Saleh A.S.
Allah (SWT) sent Prophet Saleh A.S. to Thamood. Allah sent a she-
This is also in the boundaries of Wadius Salaam.
Tomb Hazrat Kumail A.R.
He was one of the favorite companion of Imam Ali A.S. IMAM ALI A.S taught the famous dua Kumail that is recited on every Thursday to him.
Tomb of Hazrat Rashid Hijri A.R.
He was the companion of Imam Ali A.S. who had come from Yemen to Kufa. He was one of the most important friend of our Imam. One day Imam Ali A.S. asked him “what will you do if Bani Ummayah asks you to leave me?”
Rashid Al Hijri in turn asked our Imam “that if I do not leave you what will be my fate?” The Imam, replied “in that case you will be with me in Jannat”, to which Rashid Al Hijri replied, “so I will not leave you.”
It is narrated that after the Shahadat of our Imam, Abidalla Ben Ziad sent for Rashid Al Hijri and asked him to curse Imam Ali A.S. and his sons. When he refused to do so his hands and feet were cut off. Rashid Hijri continued to praise Imam Ali A.S. and Abidalla asked him to stop, but he would not, so his tongue was cut off.
This Masjid is between Kufa and Najaf. The fazilat of this Masjid is that when Hazrat Imam Hassan A.S. and Hazrat Imam Husayn A.S. together with others carried the ‘Janaza’ of Hazrat Imam Ali A.S. from Kufa to Najaf they passed near this Masjid. At that time the pillars of this Masjid inclined for “ta’azim.”
It is narrated that Hannan use to be a Church. When IMAM HUSAYN A.S. was martyred on the 10th of Muharram, Bani Ummayah carried his head on a plate. When Bani Ummayah passed by this church, now Masjid, the priest noticed that the face of Imam Husayn A.S. was shinning with light (noor) was coming out and was reciting an Ayah from the Holy Quran. So, the priest asked Bani Ummayah to leave the head with him for one night and he addressed the head "who are you?" and the head replied I am Husayn Bin Ali and my grandfather is Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and Bani Ummayah in Karbala’ killed me. The priest
was moved with the reply and he immediately accepted Islam.
Ziyarats in Hilla
Hazrat Hamza A.S.
One of Hazrat Abbas A.S. son’s whose name was Ubaydullah was a resident of Medina. He was a great scholar of his time and he left a son named Hassan who also was a great scholar and Hazrat Hamza A.S. happens to be one of his sons. So he is the great grandson of Hazrat Abbas A.S.
Raudhah Of Muhammad Bine Imam Ali A.S. He is also known as Baqar.
Raudhah Of Prophet Hazrat Ayub A.S.
It is narrated that Imam Ali A.S. was nursing one of his sick son and the time of Asr passed and started entering into Maghrib. The Imam was very sad and looked at the sun. Through the mercy of Allah (SWT) the sun reverted to Asr time and the Imam said his Asr Salaat.
Raudhah Of Janab al-
He is the brother of Imam Ridha’ A.S. who was heard saying that if you cannot visit me in Mashad then you should visit my brother in Iraq.
Karbala’ – There Are Many Ziyarats
gold. It is the same field on which he was martyred on the 10th Muharram 61 AH under extremely cruel circumstances with his family and friends after suffering three days of thirst and hunger.
This great sacrifice ensured the survival of Islam as long as the world exists. It is highly recommended (Makhsusi) to be in Karbala’ on a Thursday Night for the Ziyarat of Imam Husayn A.S., and his companions.
Under the Dome and just touching the Zaree of our Imam is a piece of red coloured stone where we are told that we should recite two rakaat Salaat and ask for our Haajat which Inshallah will be fulfilled.
There are only four places where you can recite full Salaat even though the condition of ten days is not met. They are in Medina, Makkah, Raudhah of Imam Husayn A.S. under the Dome and Masjid al-
Hazrat Ali Akbar A.S.
He was Imam Husayn’s A.S. eldest son. He was 18 years old when he gave his life for Islam on the fields of Karbala’. It is narrated that whenever Imam Husayn A.S. wanted to do Ziyarat of the Prophet of Allah, he would look at Hazrat Ali Akbar A.S. because of his resemblance to the Holy Prophet.
On the morning of Ashura at the time of Fajr Salaat, Imam Husayn A.S. asked Ali Akbar A.S. to recite Adhaan.
He is buried next to Imam Husayn A.S.
Ali Asghar A.S.
He was the youngest son of Imam Husayn A.S. who was only 6 months old. He is also known as Abdullah Tiflan al-
This is a mass grave where all the Shohad al-
This is the place where Shimr Maloon (may the curse of Allah be upon him) sat on Imam Husayn’s A.S. chest and martyred him.
Hazrat Habib Ibne Mazahir A.S.
He was the childhood friend of Imam Husayn A.S. When he reached Karbala’ and so that the army of Yazid surrounded him he sent a letter to Habib informing him of the situation and asking him to come to Karbala’ to help the Imam. Immediately, Habib came to Karbala’ and went to fight for Islam and was martyred on the day of Ashura.
His tomb is just outside one of the doors to the Raudhah of Imam Husayn A.S.Hazrat Ibraheem Bin Musa Kadhim A.S.
At one time he was the governor of Yemen. He was the grandfather of Sayyid Murtaza A.R. and too was martyred by the Abbaside Caliph.His tomb is just outside the Raudhah of Imam Husayn A.S.
This is a small hill facing the Raudhah of Imam Husayn A.S. and it is from this hill that she was witnessing the fight of her beloved brother Imam Husayn A.S., his family and companions.
This is just behind Tille-
Raudhah Of Hazrat Abbas A.S.
He was the stepbrother of Imam Husayn A.S. and his mother’s name is Ummul-
It is said that the distance between the Raudhah of Imam Husayn A.S. and Hazrat Abbas A.S. is the same as the distance between Safa and Marwa in Makkah.
Under the Raudhah of Hazrat Abbas A.S. there is a river running and is called Al-
It is narrated that a King by the name of Al-
Kafl Abbas means the arm of Hazrat Abbas A.S. There were two spots near by outside the Haram of Hazrat Abbas A.S. One was destroyed during the Persian Gulf war and the second one is still there.
He was the commander of one of the Yazid’s battalion and he was sent by Yazid to stop Imam Husayn A.S., his family and companions from going to Kufa unless and until Imam Husayn A.S. gives ‘Bayat” (allegiance) to Yazid. When he arrived at the Imam’s camp, he (Hurr) and his entire battalion including horses were dying of thirst. Immediately Imam Husayn A.S. gave orders to Hazrat Abbas A.S. that they be given water until their thirst including the horses are
quenched, though the were the enemies of the Imam.
On the night of Ashura Hurr could not sleep after hearing the cries of small children from Imam Husayn’s camps crying for water. Early in the morning he asked his servant to tie his hands behind his backs and he went straight to Imam’s camp. When he was near the came he came down his horse and walked to where the Imam was and fell on his knees asking for forgiveness. Imam raised him up and told him that Allah (SWT) has forgiven you.
Hurr asked permission from the Imam to go and fight for Islam which he did but after sometime he was martyred and he is buried about 3 miles away from the city of Karbala’.
Raudhah of Janab al-
He was the son of Bibi Zainab A.S. and he too was killed on the day of Ashura. He is buried some 10 miles from the city of Karbala’.
Raudhah of Mohamed & Ibrahim
They were the two sons of Hazrat Muslim Bin Aqeel A.S. and they were going to Imam Husayn A.S. to give him the message that their father had been killed. They were caught by Haris (may Allah send His curse upon him).
They are buried about 25 miles from the city of Karbala’ in the Musayyab area.
Ziyarat in Madayan
Mazaar of Salman al-
His original name of Rozeba and he was an Iranian from Iran formerly known as Persia. The Prophet of Allah (SAW) changed his name to Salman.
IMAM ALI A.S. made him a governor of Madayan but he died at the age of 88 years, a few weeks after his arrival in Madayan.
Mazaar Huzaifa al-
He was one of the companions of our Prophet and it is narrated that when he used to recite Munajats, the Angels used to come from heaven to listen to him.
Mazaar of Jabir Bin Abdallah Ansari A.R.
He was also one of the close companion of the Holy Prophet. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet told him that we would see the 5th Imam, Muhammad Baqir A.S., and to give his is salaams.
It is said that when he came to Karbala’, he first went to Nehr al-
In the year 1934, Nuripasha the Vazir (Vice-
Nuripasha narrated the dream to Shah Faisal who said that he also had the same dream.
It was decided to transfer the bodies to another grave, which was announced. On 26th March 1934 and it was announced in the PTI News Agency worldwide. Some Germans reports also came to witness the transfer of the bodies. When the bodies were taken out of the graves they were intact with the same Kafan. Even the eyes were wide open with so much ‘noor’ and the hair of beard was still wet as if the bodies had just been given Ghusl. t. Salaat al-
This used to be the summer palace of the King of Persia whose name was Nausherwaan. Because it can get very cold in Iran during winter. He built this some 1700 years ago and used to come and stay there during the severe winter months.It is narrated that when the Prophet of Allah (SAW) was born, the famous arch in it, which is known as the Arch of, Catesiphon, developed cracks in it. Visitors can still see the arch as well
as the cracks in it.
It is narrated that many Prophets have visited this Masjid and have performed Salaat, that is why there are many places where Zuwar recite Ziyarat and perform two rakaat Salaat. You will find the sketch of the Masjid on page number 139.
1. Main Entrance
2. Makam al-
This is the same Prophet that built the Ka’aba in Makkah and was ready to sacrifice his son
Hazrat Ismaeel at Munna.
3. Makam al-
He is still arrive and one of his miracles is that when leans on a dry stick it becomes fresh green.
4. Place of Miracle
It is narrated that during the time Imam Ali A.S. a group of people wanted to stone a woman to
death because they thought that she had committed adultery as her stomach was bulging just like
that of a pregnant woman.
Imam Ali A.S. had happened to be present at this place and he was asked to give his decision.
Imam Ali A.S. asked them to bring a big tub and told them to fill it with water and put a curtain round it. Then she asked the woman to go and sit in this tube, which she did and after some time her stomach returned to her normal shape and it was proved that she was not pregnant.
5. Court of Imam Ali A.S.
This is the place where Imam Ali A.S. used conduct his daily court.
6. Well of Hazrat Nooh A.S.
Hazrat Nooh A.S. had also visited Masjid al-
7. Entrance to the Well
This used to be the entrance to the well of Hazrat Nooh A.S.
8. Makam al-
This is the place where the Prophet of Islam used to stay and pray when visiting visit Masjid al-
9. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Adam A.S. used to stay and pray when visiting Masjid al-
10. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Jibra’el A.S. used to stay and pray when visiting Masjid al-
11. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Imam Ja’far Sadiq A.S. used to stay and pray when visiting Masjid al-
12. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Imam Zainul Abdedeen A.S. used to stay and pray when visiting Masjid al-
13. Makam al-
This is the place inside Masjid al-
14. Shahadat Place of Imam Ali A.S.
Inside Masjid al-
15. Place Where Imam Ali A.S. Used To Pray During The Night
16. Ruaza of Hazrat Muslim-
Just outside the boundary of Masjid al-
17. Mazaar of Mukhtar A.R.
He was the first person to took the revenge of Imam Husayn A.S.
18. Mazaar of Hazrat Hani Ibne Urwa A.R.
Hazrat Muslim A.S. stayed at Hani’s House when he arrived in Kufa. Hani too was then killed by Yazid’s men.
Raudhah Of Khadijatul Kubra Binte Imam Ali A.S.
Just outside Masjid al-
House of Imam Ali A.S.
Behind Masjid al-
Matham Bin Tammar A.R.
He was a close companion of Imam Ali A.S. and also was his business partner running a date shop. The name Tammar is derived from Tamr that means dates. He too was killed for his love of Imam Ali A.S.
It is narrated that a wealth businessman came to Najaf from Karachi with his son who had blood cancer. He visited Imam Ali’s A.S. Raudhah in Najaf he cried, prayed and made a wish that if his son is cured then he will get any kind of work to be done at the Imam’s Raudhah. With the blessings of Allah (SWT) and the dua of Imam Ali A.S. his son recovered completely and as he had made a wish he went back to Najaf and asked the Mutavallis if there is any work that has to be done or completed at the Imam.s Raudhah.The Mutavallis replied that off hand they do not know but they will think about it. At night when
the Mutavalli was sleeping he dreamed that Imam Ali told him that do not do any work in my Raudhah, but instead, build the Raudhah of Maytham’s properly because it is in very bad shape. So the work was done on Maytham’s Raudhah.
Raudhah of Zaid Bin Ali Bin Alhussain Bin Imam Ali A.S.
Al Hajjaj asked Zaid Bin Ali to curse Imam Ali A.S. otherwise he will be killed. He refused, so he was killed and his body was hung on the palm tree for four years till he was dried and the palm tree started growing branches besides the main trunk of the tree, which is unusual, but it grew and is still there until this day. We have been told there is no such kind of a tree anywhere in Iraq. If the palm tree with all it’s extension is cut it at the top, it will be noticed that it forms a letter ‘Allah” in Arabic. This can be witnessed in one of our Ziyarat videocassette.
Sketch of Masjid al-
Sketch of Masjid al-
1. – General entrance 06, -
2. – Place for Wadhu 07. -
3. – Main entrance 08. -
4. – Makam al-
5. – Makam al-
It is believed that here too the head of Imam Husayn A.S. was kept when Yazid was taking the heads of the Shoahada and the Bibi from Karbala’ to Damascus via Kufa.
It is the second most important Masjid after Kufa. It is also the house of Prophet Idrees A.S., Prophet Ibrahim A.S. and Prophet Khizer A.S.
At all places mentioned on page 140 Ziyarat is recited and two rakaat Salaat is prayed by all Zuwar.
1. General Entrance to the Masjid
2. Place for Doing Wadhoo
3. Main Entrance To The Masjid
4. Makam al-
This is the general place for saying your prayers.
5. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. used to visit and say his prayers.
6. Hazrat Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. used to visit and say his prayers.
It is narrated that Imam Ja’far Al-
It is also narrated that all the Prophets who were sent to this earth by Allah (SWT) had prayed in this Masjid and any Momineen who prays in this Masjid will come back to visit it again. There is also a rock there which has all the names of all the Prophets. It is also said that if one asks for
Haajat here with a clean heart will Inshallah be fulfilled.
It is also believed that the Angles come to pray in this Masjid and also Imam Saheb-
There are many Musallas where many Prophets and Imam have prayed and you can follow the sketch of Masjid al-
7. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Khizer A.S. used to visit and say his prayers.
8. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S. used to visit and say his prayers.
9. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Imam Ja’far Sadiq A.S. used to visit and say his prayers.
10. Makam al-
This is the place where Hazrat Imam Hujjat A.S. visits and say his prayers. It is the practice of Zuwar to recited dua Tawasool at this place.
Samarrah used to be the capital of Iraq and is situated on the banks of river Tigris. The old city has, however, turned into ruins. The new city is located around the Raudhah that contains four tombs.
Raudhah of Imam Ali Naqi A.S.
He is our 10th Imam and he was the one that completed the rules of Taqlid to prepare believers for the occultation of 12th Imam.
Raudhah of Imam Hassan Askari A.S.
He is our 11th Imam and was kept under house arrest for a very long time. He was kept there because the ruler of the time did not want him to have a son, just like at the time of Hazrat Mussa A.S.
He was married to Bibi Nargis Khatun A.S. who gave birth to our 12th Imam. He became an Imam at the age of about four and half years when his father Imam Hassan Askari A.S. passed away. He led the Salaat al-
Bibi Hakima Khatun A.S.
She taught Bibi Nargis Khatun A.S. about the rules of religion. She was present when the 12th Imam was born.
When our 11th Imam was put in jail, Bibi Hakima Khatun A.S. used to answer all the masaels, which the Shia Umah used to ask her. She was a very learned and pious lady.
Bibi Nargis Khatun A.S.
She was a princes from Roman who became a Muslim after seeing Bibi Fatima Zehra A.S. and the Holy Prophet (SAW) in her dream. She was the mother of our 12th Imam Mahdi A.S. Our 11th Imam told Bibi Nargis Khatun A.S. that the army will enter our house to check whether any child is born to which Bibi Nargis Khatun A.S. told Imam, “Please pray for me that I die before they enter our house and make me their captive. She died before our 11th Imam’s
Imam Mahdi A.S. – Our 12th Imam
Our Imam has many titles like, Sahebul Asr -
He has the same name as our Holy Prophet that is Muhammad. He was born in Sammarrah and was under his father’s care until his father was martyred. He became the Imam at the age of four and half years and went into occultation. He was only available to his deputies who were Uthman bin Saeed, Muhammad bin Uthman, then Husayn bin Rooh and finally Ali bin Muhammad Samarri. When the last of them was to die, Imam wrote to tell him that there would
be more deputies after him and that he (Imam) was going into occultation until Allah (SWT) willed him to re-
This is in the basement of the house of the 11th Imam A.S. where the shrine now stands. The entrance has been opened from the courtyard. It is said that this was the house of Bibi Nargis and our 12th Imam was last seen here.
Sayyid Muhammad Ibne Imam Ali Naqi A.S.
He was the son of Imam Ali Naqi A.S. the place where his Raudhah is used to be the cemetery of Shias. During the time of Hajjaj bin Yusuf thousands of shias were imprisoned here and when they died were buried there. No Shia was allowed to leave the area and because of the torment
thousands of them died.
This Raudhah is very famous for couples who come to make a Nadr (wish) that they be blessed with a child. It is in Balad a small village near Samarrah.
It is a twin city of Baghdad and just a bridge between them separates these two cities. Raudhah of Imam Musa Kadhim A.S. Zuwar usually enter through the gate which is known as ‘Bab al-
Harun Rashid had imprisoned our Imam and then poisoned him and left his body on the bridge of Baghdad. His body stayed on the bridge for three days then his followers buried him. If you are lucky to be present in Kadhmain on a Thursday night you will see that it is difficult to even touch the Zaree of the Imam.
Raudhah of Imam Muhammad Taqi A.S.
He is our 9th Imam and he became an Imam at the age of 9 years and even at this age he answered all questions of religion to all including the learned
ones. His Raudhah is next to the Raudhah of Imam Musa Kadhim A.S.
Tomb of Sheikh Mufeed A.R.
He was given title Mufeed means one who brings benefit. His real name is Muhammad bin Numan. Even our 12th Imam A.S. addressed him in the name of ‘Mufeed’. It is said that he was the author of hundreds of books and one of the most important one being ‘Kitabul’Irshaad’ which is the life history of our 12 Imams. His tomb is within the boundary of the Raudhah of our two Imams in Kadhemain and one can read the Marshia written on his grave that was the same Marshia recited by our 12th Imam when ‘Mufeed’ died.
Tomb of Khwaja Nasiruddin Toosi A.R.
It is narrated that our 12th Imam A.S. taught Dua al-
Tomb of Sayyid Murtadha A.R.
He was a great scholar and wrote many books and was the student of Sheikh Mufeed A.R. Tomb of Sayyid Radhi A.R. Sayyid Radhi A.R. compiled the sermons of Imam Ali A.S. and the collection is known as Nahjul Balagha. He too was the student of Sheikh Mufeed A.R.
Tomb of Sayyid Ismail Safrudin A.R.
He too was a great scholar and wrote many books.
Just over the bridge from the Holy City of Khademain lies Baghdad. It is a modern city and all around it are many Mazaar of great scholars.
he did for three days. During his stay he saw the people of the church go out very far to fetch water and Imam Ali A.S. asked the priest why he does not dig a well in the church compound? The priest replied, that they tried but got salt water. Imam Ali A.S. just hit the ground with his heel and water gushed out which was cold and sweet. There is a black stone at this miracle place. Also there is a white stone with Ayat-
Mazaar of Hazrat Muhammad Bin Uthman A.R.
He was the son of Hazrat Uthman Bin Saeed and after his father passed away he took up the duties as the second Chief Deputy of our 12th Imam A.S.
Mazaar of Husayn Bin Rooh A.R.
He was the third deputy of our 12th Imam A.S.
Mazaar of Ali Bin Muhammad A.R.
He was the fourth and the last of the deputies of our 12th Imam A.S. He received a letter from our Imam telling him that there would be no more deputies after his death.
Mazaar Of Hazrat Qambar A.R.
During the time of Imam Ali A.S. he was a slave and the Imam bought him and freed him. Hazrat Qambar A.R. told Imam Ali A.S. that I will agree to be freed only if you promise me that as long as I live I will be living at your house and helping you and your family. There is a famous story that one day Hazrat Qambar A.R. was sitting on a camel leading the caravan when a needy person came to Imam Ali A.S. and told him that he was very poor and asked the Imam to help him. Imam Ali A.S. told him to take the whole caravan of camels. On hearing this Hazrat Qambar A.R. jumped from the camel and when Imam Ali A.S. asked him why he did that, to which he replied he gave away the whole caravan to the needy person and as I was sitting on one of the camel that would have included me too.
Mazaar Of Hazrat Haafiz Muhammad Bin Yakub Al-
He was a famous narrator of hadiths of the Prophet of Allah (SAW) and the Imams.
H. Masu’ma -
The Holy Prophet (SAW) said 150 years before the death of Masuma al-
She was very upset and became ill. Within 40 days of the death of the Imam, she passed away in Qum. When she was buried, they found her grave had already been dug. Two men came with Nikab (covered faces) and led Namaaz al-
Hassan Bin Maslah by the order of our 12th IMAM HAZRAT MAHDI A.S built this Masjid. The Imam has said that to pray four rakaat Salaat in this Masjid is equal to the thawab of praying inside Khan al-
It is narrated that Imam Mahdi A.S. visits this Masjid every Tuesday night. There is a well behind this Masjid and Zuwar write AREEZA asking the Imam to take their Haajat to Allah (SWT) and they put it in this well.
Sheikh Saleh (Hassan Maslah Jamkarany) narrates in his book that one Thursday night eve 17th of Ramadhan, and he was sleeping in Jamkaran site (small village) when suddenly he heard someone knocking at the door. He opened it and saw a couple of Sheikhs (clergymen) who after saluting him asked him to follow them, telling him that his master wanted to see you. He went with them to a place, where Masjid al-
So, go and deliver my message to them to build the Masjid from “ardeha” funds from our private property. Tell the people that this is a very sacred place of they should recite four rakaats Salaat. Two rakaats with the Niyyat of "Tahiyat al-
Teheran – Ziyaraats
Raudhah of Shah Abdul Azim
He was the great grandson of Imam Hassan A.S.
Raudhah of Imamzada Saleh Bin Imam Moosa al-
He was the brother of Imam Ridha’ A.S.
people subdued the enemies of the emporia and Mamoon’s purpose was accomplished. Within 18 months, Persia was under control. Later Mamoon poisoned the Imam by feeding him with poisoned grapes, and made a great show of his sorrow. Thus our 8th Imam – Imam Ali Ridha’ A.S. died on 17th Safar 203 A.H. at the age of 55 years and is buried here.
Our Imam is also well known as “Imam Dhamin” and this is due to a famous story narrated by historian that one day was travelling he saw a hunter capture a deer and wanted to slay it but he saw that the dear was crying and had tears in her eyes. The deer addressed our Imam in her language, and told him that she had babies who needed to be fed by her and that he should request the hunter to let her go and feed her babies first. The Imam fully understood the language of the dear and told the hunter to let the deer go and that after she fed her babies she would return to the hunter. The hunter was not prepared to listen to this and told the Imam if he will guaranty the return of the mother deer then, he will let her go. The Imam guaranteed and that is why he is known as Imam Dhamin.
If you visit the huge lecture room which was been built after the birth of the Islamic Republic of Iran you will see the artist has beautiful drawn the story of the deer on one of the walls.
It is said that Goharshad Khatoon, wife of an Indian King whose name was Shah Rukh Mirza, built this Masjid.
Museum of Quraan in The Haram of The Raudhah of Imam Ridha’ A.S.
One should not miss the opportunity to visit this museum. It has pages of the Quraan written by hand by Imam Ali A.S., Imam Zainul Abedeen A.S. and other Imams.
Lunch as a Guest of Imam Ridha’ A.S.
You may not get this opportunity again. You should take your passport and go to the office of Pilgrims which is situated in the Haram of Imam Ridha’’s A.S. They will mark your passport and give you a ticket for the meal. At this restaurant they feed 4000 Zuwar each day. Thousands of Iranians have to wait for years before they get a chance to have a meal at this restaurant.They serve you a good portion of rice and chicken and one cannot finish it, besides at the
entrance you will find thousands of Iranian begging you to bring them some food (Niaz) from the Restaurant. We suggested you take with you a few zip lock bags and put the food in it and when you come out you can distribute them to the people waiting for this once in a lifetime “Tabaruk” but you must be very careful because they will jump on you like bees jump on the beehive. There are many Ziyarat around Mashad and you should try and visit them all.
Tomb of Imamzada Sultan Ahmed R.A.
Tomb of Khwaja Abu Salt Harvi R.A.
He was a good friend of Imam Ridha’ A.S. When the Imam was poisoned by Mamoon and lay on his dying bed, Imam said his last Vasiyat (Will) to Abu Salt.
Tomb of Khwaja Rabi R.A.
He too was the friend of Imam Ridha’ A.S. He narrated many incidences on the life of the Imam and has also written many books.
Tomb of Khwaja Murad R.A.
Museum of Ferdowsi
He was a great poet.
It is believed that Imam Ridha’ A.S., while on his way to Tous in the 9th century made a stop here and delivered his speech to the audience who had gathered to welcome him to Neishapur. It is narrated that he said his Salaat on a slab of stone and left his footprints on the slab, which is now mounted on the wall.
There is also a spring water coming out from the rocks and is said to be a Miracle of our Imam where people drink the water in a special bowl for Shafa.
Merits in various stages of Imam Husain's (a.s.) Ziarat
In this article we wish to discuss the merits of the visitor of Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine right from the time he leaves his house with the intention of Ziarat, to the time he undertakes his journey, reaches Karbala and finally returns to his house. We have mentioned the reward that he will get at each and every stage of his journey and how his level is raised accordingly. And if the Shia makes this journey on behalf of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.), the rewards will multiply manifold. This is because when Allah bestows a reward, He also takes into consideration the personality on whom He is bestowing the reward.
Intention of Ziarat
When a Shia makes the intention to go for Ziarat, he has laid the foundation for his journey. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) narrates, 'Allah has appointed some angels at Imam Husain's grave. When a Shia makes the intention for Imam Husain's (a.s.) Ziarat, Allah forgives all his sins. When he takes a step to go for Ziarat, he erases his sins. His virtues multiply and they increase till the time he becomes worthy of Paradise’.
(Wasailul Mohibbeen, pg. 280)
Ghusl before commencing the journey for Ziarat
When a person intends to go for Ziarat and accordingly performs ghusl, at that time the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) calls out to him, 'O guests of Allah! I give you
glad tidings of being with me in Paradise.'
Ameerul Momeneen (a.s.) declares,
'I guarantee you that your wishes of the world and the hereafter will be fulfilled. The tribulations of the world and the hereafter will be averted.'
After that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and Ameerul Momeneen (a.s.) protect him from the right and the left until he reaches his native place safely.
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg. 133, Behaarul Anwar vol 101, pg 147, tradition 36)
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) has called the visitor of the shrines as Allah's guest. On the Day of Judgement when Allah unveils the weighing scales (Mizaan), He shall grant His guest innumerable bounties.
Not only is the visitor given glad tidings of entry into Paradise, but he will dwell in the neighbourhood of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) himself. The visitor's status can be gauged from the fact that none will enjoy a higher position than the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in Paradise.
Ameerul Momeneen (a.s.) has guaranteed that the visitor's adversities will be repelled. And such a guarantee from Ameerul Momeneen (a.s.) is not surprising
given the fact that he is the repeller of difficulties (Mushkil kusha).
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and Ameerul Mo'mineen (a.s.) shall safeguard him from both sides.
While packing his luggage for the journey
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) asked Jabir-
'What is the distance between you and Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine?
Jabir (r.a.): 'May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, a days journey or even less.'
Imam (a.s.): 'Do you visit the shrine?'
Jabir (r.a.): 'Yes'
Imam (a.s.): 'Should I not give you glad tidings and inform you about the reward of the visitation?'
Jabir (r.a.): 'May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, do inform me.'
Imam (a.s.): 'When the visitor packs his luggage for Imam Husain's (a.s.) visitation, the divine angels are with him.'
While leaving his house
And when he leaves his house, be it by foot or on a mount, Allah sends 4,000 angels with him. They send salutations upon him (i.e. the visitor) till they reach
Imam Husain's (a.s.) grave.
(Behaarul Anwar,vol 101,p. 163,trad. 8; Kamiluz Ziaraat,p.206)
Divine protection from 6 sides
Safwan Jammaal narrates on the authority of Imam Sadiq a.s, 'When a Shia leaves his house with the intention of performing Imam Husain's (a.s.) ziarat, he is accompanied by 700 angels. They safeguard him from above and below, from the right and the left, from the front and the back, till such a time that he reaches his destination.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol. 101, pg. 58, trad. 62;Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 190)
Accompanied by 1,000 angels
According to another version of the tradition narrated by Raff'ah from Imam Sadiq (a.s.):
'When a Shia knows Imam Husain's (a.s.) right over the people and leaves his house for Imam's (a.s.) ziarat in this condition, without any pride and conceit, then a 1,000 angels accompany him from the right, with another 1,000 angels on the left. And he will be rewarded as if he has performed 1,000 Hajj and 1,000 Umrah with a prophet or with the successor (wasi) of a prophet.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 91, tradition 33)
Different traditions quote varying numbers of angels. This can be attributed to various reasons:
1. The difference could be due to the variance in the sincerity of the intention on the part of the visitor. The more sincere he is, the bigger will be the group of angels accompanying him.
2. The difference could also be attributed to the various occasions for Ziarat. For instance, if a person goes to Ziarat on 9th Zilhajj (day of Arafah) he could be
accompanied by a specific number of angels and if he goes for Ziarat on Arbaeen the number of angels accompanying him could vary (from the day of Arafah).'
3. The difference could be due to the variance in the recognition (ma'refat) of Imam Husain (a.s.). A higher level of recognition and love for Imam (a.s.), will
result in a larger group of angels.
4. The difference could be related to the akhlaq (ethics) of the visitor. This is because in addition to recognition, one also need to discard pride and conceit while visiting Imam (a.s.).
This underlines the fact that Imam Husain's (a.s.) ziarat not only washes away the sins, but it also rectifies the visitor's bad habits and ethics.
Sun's rays consumes sins
Safwan Jammaal relates from Imam Sadiq (a.s.),
'When the rays of the sun fall on the visitor of Imam's (a.s.) shrines, it consumes his sins like the fire consumes wooden sticks. The sun does not leave any sin on his body and he returns home sinless. In fact on his return he is granted a status that is not even given to those who shed their blood in Allah's path.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 15, trad. 14; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 298)
Perspiration and fatigue
From every drop of perspiration on the body of Imam's (a.s.) visitor (in the course of Ziarat). Allah creates 70,000 angels who glorify and seek forgiveness for Imam's (a.s.) visitors till the Day of Judgement.
(Mustadrak vol 2, pg 204)
While stepping out of the house
When the visitor leaves the house, each and every spot that he steps on, prays for him.
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 15, tradition 14)
If he goes for Ziarat on a mount, for each and every spot that his mount steps on, he will get one virtue and one sin will be forgiven.
(Thawaabul A'maal, pg 116)
In another tradition Imam Sadiq (a.s.) reveals,
'If one of our Shias goes for Imam Husain's (a.s.) Ziarat, then he will not return but all his sins will be forgiven. For every step that he or his mount takes, 1,000
virtues are written for him, 1,000 sins are forgiven and his status is elevated by a 1,000 degrees.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 25, tradition 26; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 134)
Ghusl in the Euphrates
A person asked Imam Sadiq (a.s.), 'What is the reward of a person who performs ghusl in the Euphrates (Foraat) and then does Imam's (a.s.) ziarat?'
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) replied,
'If a person performs ghusl in the Euphrates and goes for Imam Husain's (a.s.) ziarat, all his sins will be extinguished, as if he has just come out from his mother's womb.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 145; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 185)
Walking towards the shrine after ghusl in the Euphrates
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) narrated to Bashir b. Dahhaan: 'If any of you performs ghusl in the Euphrates and then goes for Ziarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) with his recognition then for every time he steps on the earth and for every time he lifts his feet off the earth, he will be rewarded with 100 accepted Hajj and 100 accepted Umra and 100 battles in the company of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).'
(Kamiluz Ziaraat pg. 185)
Angels welcome the visitor
Aban b. Tughlab relates from Imam Sadiq (a.s.),
'There are 4,000 angels at the holy shrine of Imam Husain (a.s.). Their heads are covered with dust and they are wailing and will continue to do so till the Day of Judgment. Their leader is called 'Mansoor'. When a person comes to visit Imam's (a.s.) shrine, all these angels welcome him.'
(Kafi, vol 4, pg 581)
Angels record only the virtuous deeds
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) exhorted Ali b. Maimoon As Sa'ig
'Visit Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine and never leave it.' The narrator asked, 'If someone goes for Imam Husain's (a.s.) ziarat, then what is his reward?'
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) revealed,
'If someone goes for ziarat on foot, for every step he takes, one virtue will be recorded in his name, one sin will be forgiven and his level will be raised one
degree. Once he reaches the shrine, Allah will appoint two angels for him who will record only his good deeds and will omit his evil deeds. When he is about to depart from the shrine, the angels will bid farewell thus -
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 134)
Intention to return home from the shrine
1. Allah sends His salutations upon the visitor:
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) narrates,
'When the visitor decides to return home from the shrine, an Angel near him declares -
you and says -
(Tahzeeb vol 6, pg 43; Wasail vol 10, pg 342)
2. The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) sends His salutations upon the visitor:
An Angel descends from the side of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and conveys the following message -
(Kamiluz Ziaraat pg 132)
3. Jibraeel, Mikaeel and Israfeel accompany the visitor:
Safwaan b. Jammaal narrates from Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.),
'One who visits Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine with complete sincerity, then Jibraeel, Mikaeel and Israfeel accompany him at every step till he returns home, from
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 20; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 145)
4. 700 angels accompany the visitor:
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) reveals,
'When a person intends for ziarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) and departs from his house, then 700 angels accompany him from above, below, right, left, front and
behind. They are with him till he reaches his lodging place in Karbala. When he performs ziarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), a caller announces -
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 190)
5. Angels visit him when he is sick, participate in his funeral and seek forgiveness for him:
Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) declares,
'If Imam Husain's (a.s.) visitor falls sick, the angels visit him every morning and evening. If he expires, they participate in his funeral and till the Day of Judgment they pray for his forgiveness. These angels are awaiting the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.).'
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 192)
6. Angels Glorify and exalt Allah at the threshold:
After the angels escort the visitor safely to his house, they turn towards Allah and inquire from Him,
'O Lord, this worshipper has returned safely to his house after completing the ziarat of the grandson of Your Prophet (s.a.w.a.). Now where do we go?' A voice from the sky replies to their query -
Till the servant is alive, the angles keep vigil at his threshold and glorify and exalt Allah. And the reward of their actions is recorded in the visitor's favor.
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 164; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 208)
Allah Himself captures the soul
'When the visitor of Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine returns home, an announcer calls out from the sky. If you had heard his voice, you would have preferred staying near Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine for the rest of your life. The announcer cries, 'O servant of Allah, greetings to you! You have accomplished a great distinction and now you are secure in every way! Allah has forgiven all your past sins and now you can perform your actions afresh!' 'If he dies in that night or in that year, Allah Himself captures his soul.'
(Behaarul Anwar, vol 101, pg 164; Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 207)
Indeed it is a matter of great honor and distinction for a servant that Allah Himself captures his soul and Himself takes him to His Abode. By no means is this merit and honor due to the servant's position near Allah. Rather he has become worthy of this distinction purely because of Imam Husain's (a.s.) exalted station near Allah.
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg 192)
Angels participate in shrouding, giving ghusl and the burial
Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) informed,
'If Imam Husain's (a.s.) visitor expires in the same year of the ziarat, then the angels of mercy participate in his ceremonial bath (ghusl) and shrouding. They
seeks forgiveness for him. They are with his funeral till the grave. Then his grave becomes vast and spacious.'
(Kamiluz Ziaraat, pg. 143, Behaarul Anwar vol 101, pg 18)
Merits of visiting Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine are much more than can be outlined in his place. We have mentioned but a few so that readers can get some idea of this great virtue. We have seen the tremendous reward and merit in each step of the visitation -
We pray to Allah that He grants us limitless sincerity, and recognition of the highest order to perform ziarat of Imam Husain's (a.s.) shrine time and again. And
we pray to Allah to grant us boundless taufeeq to defend our Imam's (a.t.f.s.) wilayat like the martyrs of Karbala defended their Imam (a.s.), and to fight in his
(a.t.f.s.) army and finally get martyred in his (a.t.f.s.) way. Inshallah.